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shark blog page

Welcome to our blog!  We try to add stories of little side adventures or interesting things happening at the lodge to this page.  Guests often ask about behind the scene moments or what lead up to understanding how something was captured.  Even though we post on social sites, we thought we'd add a bit more detail on things with a screen grap or GoPro photo that is equally as captivating as the crisp HD photo or video we post on the main site.  Hope you enjoy!

 

over/under split photo

salmon shark over under photo

I've been looking for a very particular shot for many years that told the story of these sharks in one photo and often wonder what the image would look like.  And in my mind it would have to be a split 50/50 photo with a salmon shark below, chasing a bright pink salmon with snow capped jagged mountains above.  I haven't achieved that yet and would honestly love to see a client get that photo as well.  Most locals don't even know that we have sharks in Alaska and the rest of the world is even more surprised at the fact that a shark could not only survive in these frigid waters, but flourish.  The photo above was taken with a GoPro3 and a new dome attachment from Knekt.com that actually works surprisingly well and has a simple trigger.   These are great little secondary camera set ups if you don't want to lug around a larger DSLR/housing through the water.  Here's the link...  click here

Breaching whales in Prince WilLiam Sound

breaching humpback whale

May always brings an explosion of whale activity to the Sound.  And you can literally see these explosions in spectacular breaches from Humpbacks cleaning themselves with their dance above water.  Its always neat to see this happen but often and up just watching the show and forgetting to snap a photo.  This particular occurance happened near Jacks Bay enroute to the lodge.  It's amazing how much force they can generate as they slam the water.   Diffenently something everyone should witness at least once during their life!

 

Dema 2016

DEMA booth 2016

Well Gina and I made the big leap to travel to Vegas this year and present the diving world with our uniquely and newly developed diving tours.  We weren’t sure how the industry would embrace a coldwater destination.  When we started to move in and set up the booth, I remember looking around and saw a sea of warm water destinations.  Coupled with the fact, that our booth was at the back of the show and booked it at the last minute.  I thought we would get minimal traffic.  But I was pleasantly surprised at the amount of interest we generated.  It was a good show, met some wonderful people and look forward to going again next year!

 

mystery death in two moon

salmon shark

My neighbor that has a small cabin in Two Moon sent me this photo via text message at the end of the season in 2016.  He was curious as to why the shark had died.  After a series of questions, I concluded that where the shark was located, it had been caught in a tidal zone that left it high and dry during a low tide.  Why was it so close to shore?  Well the tidal zone was an area where a large population of pink salmon were riding the tides to reach a creek to spawn.  It happened close to his cabin and did not see the shark the evening before, but found it the next morning there.  There’s a lot to take from this death, even if only one shark. How often do they ride the tides so close to spawning salmon creeks?  Do they feed more often in the middle of the night? This creek was in the shade, would they choose this one over one in the sun because of the cover it provided for an ambush?

Before this happened, another shark death got my attention as I travelled back from a day tour to the lodge.  I was leading a group of photographer’s home and came across a dead Sleeper Shark.  Although it was late in the evening, I didn’t have the inclination to snap a photo.  Only studying the carcass at length to determine what it was. In retrospect, I wish I had pulled out even my phone to take a picture.  The shark had been dead for some time with flesh freely hanging from it, but still bloated and floating.

 

The epic shot...  and the battery

filming in alaskashark and paddleboardsalmon shark

Travis, a friend of mine come out to try a capture a very specific shot with the sharks.  We talked in the off season to discuss details, logistics and approaches to manifest a breach on cue.  Although not impossible, I told him that we were once again heading into the unknown and patience would be needed to try and manufacture this 1-2 feet from his camera.

As summer set in, he came out with gear and crew.  The first day was clearing the kinks out of the operation and knowing how each person would contribute to the shot.  Towards the end of their stay we had all cylinders firing and fell into a groove.  That last day the sharks were proving to also find their cue cards and work perfectly coming up one after another at the foot of his paddleboard.  But we could not get one to breach directly in front of him.  Then… it happened!  We all cheered in celebration and that’s when I looked down at him as he didn’t move an inch from his position on the paddleboard.  Instantly I knew something was askew.  We all asked him at the same moment, “did you get it?”.

All week his gear had performed flawlessly with minor adjustments here and there.  But at that moment, when the stars aligned for nature to show us a wonderful sight, an electronic gremlin reared its ugly head and sabotaged the camera.

Trying not to let this disaster detour us, we continued to try and recapture another shot while the action was still hot.  He didn’t end up empty handed and did manage to capture a half breach slightly off center of his shot.

I love trying new angles and experiences and really enjoy working with people that think the same.  Although he was not satisfied as all photographers usually aren’t.  Ultimately, he shook it off, laughed and said, “there’s always next year”.

 

Blue sharks in southeast alaska

blue shark

I was cruising around Facebook and found this photo of a Blue Shark caught at a fishing lodge in Pelican, AK in 2016.  It was sad to see such a beautiful creature killed for sport.  I looked up its status on the world stage for endangered species.  In 2009 it was labeled “near threatened”.  That was nearly 10 years ago, and I’m sure its population since then has decreased, like all other sharks around the world.

Knowledge is the key here.  If this guy was presented with information on how sharks are disappearing from the world’s oceans, I’m sure he would reconsider dragging this shark on board.  “Most” hunters understand the importance of saving a species and believe in regulation to conserve populations of any animal.  I grew up hunting and learned the importance of this from my father. Although, if you don’t diversify your circle of friends, you’ll never be presented with another opinion on things you may not understand.  Ultimately, the person has to make the conscience effort to expand his knowledge and do the research himself. Sometimes that spark happens from a documentary, friend or simply a stranger talking about a different topic.

In my case, we had a series of guests that broadened my mind on things I hadn’t thought about before.  I think everyone could benefit from having a different perspective discussed.  You don’t have to agree; just be willing to open your mind to the possibility that something might work better.  I all too often see the pendulum swing to far one direction with trenches built in for the long run.

 

worries in a first world nation

So, my wife asked me to create a poster of her brother and his family took to the lodge this summer (Christmas present).  In the photo, you see her, her brother and his wife swimming near an iceberg.  During his stay at the lodge, they would get into a philosophical discussion on the state of humanity and where our daily worries lie in developed nations and non-developed nations.  Although there is an element of satire, there is truth to the statement.  It may be hard for people to understand their point of view unless you have travelled beyond our border.  But if you have, then you probably can easily understand this.

“Somewhere in the great expanse of the Alaska Wilderness.. a great battle plays out for an unlikely mammal visiting this once deadly landscape, turned tourist destination.  Which iceberg should I b*tch slap?”

Things are put into perspective if you’ve ever been abroad.  The furthest point that I’ve personal reached is Papua New Guinea for business, not pleasure (although diving there would have been amazing).  I witnessed some things that were beyond disturbing. Leaving an incredible appreciation for the country that I live in.  I think everyone should travel to distant places if they have the means.  They'd have a deeper admiration of where they come from.

 

sharks and snow top mountains?

mountains and shark fins

You thing that immediately strikes everyone is when they see sharks in the same frame as snowcapped mountains.  There just isn’t any other shark out there when you can capture a dorsal fin and mountainous white landscape.  But this image gives the viewer instant knowledge as to the temperature that these sharks inhabit.  Heck even humans could only stand to be in these waters for a few minutes before losing consciences.  Salmon Sharks can often be found circling at the surface.  But these sharks relish in the top water column at the surface.  What are they doing you might ask?  Sleeping or perhaps resting before going on the hunt.  It is my belief that sharks swimming at the surface are taking advantage of the warm water difference from the surface to the colder temps that start only 12” below.  The water is very deceiving at the surface.  You can stick your hand in and think, wow, this isn’t half bad. But stick your whole body in and its quickly a different story.

Even seeing shark’s dorsal fins break the surface is not something normally seen be sharks, with just a handful of species doing this.  The most famous being the White (Great White) shark.  It’s amazing just how much is going on with that dorsal sticking up in the air, cleaving the water.  I’ve seen temps change or wind direction change and watch fins drop down just out of sight all in succession.

These sharks also seem to cluster at times while on the surface.  There was a time before starting this dive venture that I fished for a few sharks.  During that time, I learned that for every shark you saw on the surface, there were 3-4 below.  And when I mean below, I mean 400-500 below.  Although that was before the shark culling that happened here in the state.  I don’t necessarily think that is the case now.

Another interesting characteristic is salmon shark breaching.  Again, before the shark culling that happened between 2007-2010 we use to see sharks breach on a daily occurrence.  Sadly, with numbers greatly declined, we don’t see that any more.  I attribute that simply to a larger population of sharks and competition for a food source.  Now with a smaller population, these sharks catch food as they please during the salmon migration.  I will say, when they did breach it was something epic for sure.

 

Beachcombing with brown bear cubs

brown bear cubs bear cubs

When evening while visiting with my folks at their cabin, we looked down the beach and saw to curious little heads poking out from behind a rock.  As we looked on, we keep waiting for their mother to come out of the tree line and join them as they sniffed sea weed and mossy rocks.  After 30 mins and continuing to head in our direction, I wondered if they were alone.  Surely not.  They were far to young to have left their mothers side.  After an hour, I was absolutely sure they were abandoned.  Maybe the mother was killed in an accident or more likely by a boar.  Yet, the cubs looked rather healthy, so what ever happened couldn’t have been but a few days earlier.

Assurdnance and courage over took reason for a better photo.  So, I climbed down behind a rock on the beach and waited to see if the cubs would continue down the beach in the same direction.  Sure, enough they did.  Only when they came around the rock I was perched at, something caught their interest. It was me!  They slowly approached with my family looking on from the cabin deck.  I thought to myself, surely they will stop at some point and realize what I am.  No.. that was not the case.  With only feet separating us, I started to move to give indication that I was not a rock.  That’s when I took the second photo.

They stopped and headed back down the beach.  During the following 2 days, they stayed close to the lodge.  On the third day they had left the area, most likely finding a stream full of fish.  I often wonder if they survived the winter on their own and grew from cute, cuddly fur balls.. to 1000# beasts. 

 

When Jeremy Wade came to town

River Monsters in Alaska

filming in alaskaBoone Hodginswimming in coldwater

This was a very fun production for me and show cased the salmon sharks in a better light then some other counterpart productions on say Shark Week.  When I was first contacted on starting a conversation about Jeremy Wade coming to Alaska, I was super excited because I love the show.  Its more than a fishing show with interesting destinations and filled with insightful mysteries on fish I’ve never heard of.

I must say that it was not an easy task to help develop a storyline with the producer.  The initial concept depicted the sharks in a negative light and as a killer.  Which was simply not true.  But this was a fishing show and not a sightseeing trip for them.  So, over several months of back and forth emails I was able to convince them that simply interacting and swimming with them would prove to be equally as entertaining.  The sharks had never been filmed with an actor in the water, placing themselves directly into their underwater helm.  I also placed an idea that the true dangerous fish in Alaska was not a shark but a large flatfish predator that was the basis of the sport fishing industry, Hippoglossus stenolepis or Pacific Halibut.  These fish do hurt people and have broken arms/legs and would find stories relatively easily of how strong and damaging they could be.  This gave the sharks a break from the relentless killers they are often depicted as and follow a more factual production.

The entire shoot was really fun with a great and friendly film crew.  The star, Jeremy Wade, was just as you see on tv.  Kind and thoughtful and a true talent to watch behind the scenes.  There was a moment during the week that I was able to take him and a couple others fishing after dinner, just for fun with no camera’s.  A 90# halibut was caught and brought on board.  Pictures were taken and hand fives handed out.  But Jeremy would gently take the hook out, check it over and slide it back in the frigid waters. He would also reminisce of past productions to fascinating countries.

Towards the end, when the crew had filmed a multitude of sharks, relaxation set in.  They had come for sharks and they had achieved to capture more than enough video to make the show.  Now it was time for fun! On the last day, the crew decided to test out the theory of just how cold Alaskan waters on.  I must say that it was unusually warm that summer and the surface temperature was not normal, around 65 degree’s.  Well once they jumped in with only their underwear, they were pleasantly surprised at just how warm it was.  Coming from England, they didn’t see much of a difference.  But the truth is that it can be extremely dangerous if not wearing the correct gear and having to spend more than 3 minutes floating around.

 

Teeth structure and biologist scot anderson

Salmon Shark jaws salmon shark teeth

During the filming of an episode for River Monsters, a biologist by the name of Scot Anderson was brought on as a researcher for the shark part of the show. He has been an independent wildlife researcher since 1987 and has worked for Alaska for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service conducting shark tagging of salmon sharks over a three-year period in Prince William Sound.  Scot was a plethora of information for us and brought the jaws of a salmon shark as a prop for the show.  He was kind of enough to leave them to us for our clients to better understand their teeth structure.  When you look at the teeth, it is quite obvious that these teeth are made for grasping fish and not tearing large flesh.  The teeth are very similar to their cousin, the Mako shark, only smaller.

 

Scarface

salmon shark scar

This shark was easy to spot due to his obvious head wound.  I first spotted him hanging out on the outskirts of the "feeding zone".  She wasn't a curious shark and I'm sure you can contribute that to the scar she suffered from a boats prop.  It seems that the wound was fairly recent and fresh. I know sharks are quite resilient, but I'm afraid that the gash was too deep for her to survive.  We've been able to catalogue returning sharks to the area, so maybe I'll stay optimistic that she'll show back up one year.

 

dems gold in 'em hills 

ingersoll rand steam engine

For history buffs, Port Fidalgo's past includes; Eskimos from the misty reaches of prehistory seeking better hunting grounds, Russian adventurers trapping for sea otter pelts, Fox Farmers, Fur Traders, English and Spanish Sailing Ship Explorers looking for a Northwest passage, Gold prospectors, Geologists, Glaciologists and Loggers.

Captain James Cook first discovered Prince William Sound in the year 1778.  His ships were the research vessels, "Discovery" and "Resolution", dispatched by King George III to seek the Northwest Passage above the American continent so the British might engage in fruitful trade with the far east.  Captain Cook would spend time in Port Fidalgo repairing the "Resolution" and trading with the nearby village of Tatitlek before leaving the Sound.

In 1786, a English fur trader named John Meares commanding the vessel "Nootka", took refuge during a violent storm in one of Port Fidalgo's bays, Snug Corner Cove.  The promise of more pelts and the lateness of the season encouraged Meares to winter in the Sound.  He considered the protection provided by Snug Corner to be insufficient and moved the "Nootka" further into Port Fidalgo to Sunny Cove.  Meares found the cove anything but sunny during the winter and complained about the low sun disappearing behind the high peaks to the south.  Here, frozen into the fresh water ice, he and his men spent a hellish winter.  The Natives, although friendly, were able to provide them with very little food and had the disconcerting habit of carrying off every piece of iron they could find, even prying loose nails from the ship's deck with their teeth.  During the winter, scurvy ravaged the crew. Meares and some of his crew protected themselves from this dreaded disease by chewing the unfamiliar tasting conifer needles which are rich in vitamin C.  By spring, the Natives were able to provide them with food, but not before twenty-three of the stubborn seamen who had refused to chew conifer needles had perished from scurvy.

In 1790 the Spanish explore named Captain Fidalgo would sail to Prince William Sound, cruising the east coast.  He would later give the names to the Sounds two major towns, Puerto de Valdez and Puerto de Cordova.  Fidalgo returned home telling of his adventures and one strange story of visiting what is now known as Columbia Glacier and "the floating snow banks" or icebergs.
In 1791, Captain George Vancouver, who served under Cook during his second and third voyages, was commissioned by England to find a Northwestern passage around the American continent.  He would spend three summers exploring the inside waters of British Columbia and Alaska.  During his visit to Prince William Sound, he named Port Fidalgo after Captain Fidalgo in honor of the great Spanish explorer.

1785-1867 would be a period of Russian dominance as fur traders settled several trading posts throughout the Sound.  They would also establish Russian Orthodox churches, like the beautiful blue domed church that still stands today at the native village of Tatitlek.  Located between Port Fidalgo and Port Valdez.  The United States would purchase Alaska from Russia in 1867 and officially recognize Alaska as a state in 1959.

Between 1898 and 1915, three copper mines operated in Landlocked Bay on Port Fidalgo.  Although it is unlikely that the combined output of these three mines totaled over 10,000 tons, the ore was of fairly high grade yielding 7-8% copper.  The more productive mines were those on the south shore.  The Fidalgo Mining Company Mine, just south of Whalen Bay, produced 360,376 pounds of copper and 20 ounces of silver.  The Dicky Copper Company claim above Irish Cove produced 29,346 pounds of copper.

The Schlosser Mine (where Ravencroft Lodge is now built) was the area's largest producer with 4,160,820 pounds of copper, 1,384 ounces of silver and unspecified amount of gold.  The main ore body was discovered high up on a mountain side, so the ore had to be taken out using a cable tram system to the beach.  The ore was then stored in a beach-side warehouse and shipped periodically to Portland Oregon for smelting.  The Schlosser Mine would also play host to The National Geographic Society Expedition in 1910, stopping for an extended time to resupply their ship the "Admiral Watson".  Their extensive study of the area's coastal glaciers would contribute greatly to glaciology in the future.  **Picture of the Schlosser mine and the "Admiral Watson" docked, are at the top.

During the 1970's a logging operation was based in Two Moon Bay, that encompassed various parts of Port Fidalgo.  The timbering operation continued and was completed around the end of the 1980’s.  Years later, the Hodgin family bought the property where the lodge now resides and started construction of Ravencroft in 2002. 

 

the shark called dozer

salmon shark

Ok, you might grimace at the quality of this photo, but it’s a GoPro screen grab.  This shark hung around for the 2014 summer season and was HUGE.  Although you can’t see his claspers, this was a large adult male.  I estimated him to be around a solid 10’, maybe more.  He had an attitude to go along with his size as well and ended up calling him Dozer.  It’s amazing how each shark his its own personality.  I remember the first time I jumped in the water with a shark and looked at her at eye level.  There’s a lot going on behind that massive black eye regarding intelligence.  I often refer to them with a Jurassic Park reference.  If Great Whites was a T-Rex’s… then Salmon Sharks would be the Raptors.  We never has returned since that year and hope that he still roams that big ocean and didin't succumb to a net or hook.

 

winter Game camera's

game camera coyote

I set out several game camera's throughout the lodge to see what comes around.  I caught this coyote stalking around the lodge after a late snow fall in April.  I guess he felt comfortable enough coming down off the mountain to see if I had left any scrapes out for him.  I've seen big brown bears come down late spring and trigger a camera and I've also caught people peering around when I left for a supply run.  Around this time in April, its always a guess on starting projects when the snow might fall.  Some years the first of the month has burned enough snow that we can start a building project.  But I've also been caught out in a full blown blizzard at the end of the month as well.   

 

The moment

coldwater snorkeler

There’s moments in people’s lives that change their destiny forever.  This is photo represents one for me.  But before I dive into this story, let me share another moment that leads into this one.

What set me on this course of wild bush life can be narrowed down to two life events.  One.. well, that was when I was born and my father named me Daniel Boone of course :)  The second event really sealed the deal.  As a boy, I grew up in several different states.  This was due to my father's nomadic oil and gas business, with Texas as one of these states.  During a summer trip to the beach with my family, I had my first encounter with a large animal, at close range.  I had been swimming in the surf in 4-5 feet of water on top of an inter-tube, when a wave overturned me.  I opened my eyes underwater just in time to see a large Sand Tiger shark cruise by, just a few feet in front of my face.  Although not the most fierce-some of sharks, they are still unmistakable easy to identify with a large mouth full of teeth and curious silhouette.  I remember the moment quite vividly!  (Luckily these sharks rarely attack humans and I think there’s only been 2 fatalities ever recorded.)  As a kid, I had faced a denizen of the deep and lived to tell about it (atleast that was my story at 13).  At that very moment my curiosity with this underwater world that I didn’t fully understand, was blown wide open.  What other animals were out there in murky waters that I didn’t know about or could see?  How could something this big have been right next to me without knowing about it?  That moment turned into a strong fascination all things "Wild".   Fast-forward ahead a couple dozen years and you'll now find me walking alongside monstrous brown bear footprints and swimming in the cold waters of Alaska with sharks.

Now for the above photo.  In 2011, I was contacted by a producer for Discovery Channel looking to make up a follow up show for Shark Week.  They had made 2 previous attempts at filming salmon sharks but had struck out.  Well I had been filming surface sharks for some time and posting them on Youtube.  They saw these online and preceded to book time at the lodge.  I deal was struck and guiding the crew to the best spots to film.  Close to the end of their time here, with a plethora of subjects filmed, some of the crew found themselves with spare time.  One such person was a man named Mark Rackley, who has filmed some amazing animal moments for all the big networks.  If you’ve watched intense animal moments on tv, it was most likely filmed by this guy.  Not only is he an accomplished camera man, fearless and bold, he carries all the qualities that would make a person at the top of their game.  He’s also willing to take the time to enrich someone’s life by personalizing an experience.  Before this moment, I had never been in the Alaskan water, but always had the inclination to try.  He grabs Gina and I and says, “you know, we’ve got two extra wetsuits, you wanna get in?”  How could I pass this up when offered a first-hand experience from I consider a living legend.  We dawn on the suits, walk down to the dock, jump in and the rest in history!

I hadn’t known what I was missing.  There was this other world just under the water, giving me an entirely new perspective on life in Alaska.  I had basically been missing 50% of the wildlife here.  Towards the end of the swim, Mark turns to us and says, “hey lets got a photo”.  And in the moment I thought to myself, this is the direction I want to take the lodge.

Trust me, it hasn’t been easy transitioning the lodge.  People come to Alaska to fish, hunt, take photo’s and loads of other things, but diving is an incredibly incredibly small percentage of tourism.  I’ve been lucky to befriend some local dive shops in the state, who've helped get this off the ground.  And continue to build on each years experiences.  But this image will always be when this idea burst into existence.

 

dead sharks vs alive

dead salmon shark

There's two sides to every coin.  No matter what issue or subject that’s out there, there will always be another opinion on the matter.  When I started the lodge with my father, there were differences on the direction it should be taken. The lodge's initial concept was based around Alaska's fishing and hunting crowd, but I wasn’t 100% passionate about it and more in creating a photography destination.  Ultimately, I deferred to his background at its inception. 

When thing that hadn’t occurred to me at the start is how abundant the sharks were in relation to the lodge.  And being plentiful, there was a time period that sport fishing for them was the hot ticket item in the state of Alaska.  Coming from a family of fisherman, it wasn’t a stretch for me to also offer this to my clients.  I watched charter boats from west to southeast go from salmon and halibut charter to shark only fishing, with the fishing density occurring in my area.  There were many sharks caught and slung up for a photo.  I even jumped on the bandwagon harvesting a handful of sharks.  But when I realized that clients were quick to pose with a dead shark with no interest to keep meat I quickly discarded the idea of continuing for the lodge.  I watched as the slaughter of sharks continued over the next couple of years until it all dried up.  Charters stopped offering this trip because they simply could not find any.  Even though I didn’t have the interest I have now with swimming with sharks, my wife and I tried to raise the alarm, only falling on deaf ears.  Luckily the population is on a comeback, but nowhere near the numbers before the shark culling.  There are many reasons for the dramatic drop in their population, including commercial and bycatch, but I was able to witness the sport fishing first hand.  I still get calls for shark fishing, but try to reason with them if given the chance.  Although I like to fish (although never again for sharks), I always try to educate folks on the need for keeping a healthy population of every animal. Overfishing is my main concern because of the overall negative image that scares the general public.  Sport fisherman will say that you can catch and release them, but I've seen mortality rates first hand.  Although its possible for them to survive, studies in warmer climites have shown that a shark carring a steel leader or hook often dies. Commercial fisherman will see them as a pest that eats or damages valuable salmon and wrecks gear, sometimes killing them.

It reminds me of something I read on an email from a client.  “You can’t save everything cute, eat everything that tastes good, and kill everything you're afraid of and expect a working ecosystem to come out of it." - Flip Nicklin

Here is an excerpt from a citizen science journal I helped author...

"Ravencroft lodge, situated close to Port Fidalgo is run by Boone and Gina Hodgin.  They offer eco-tourism trips that include encounters with the Salmon sharks.  In addition, they run a citizen science project that focuses on abundance and identification of these sharks when they are in the area.  Gina Hodgin is a biologist and since the lodge is right in one of the prime areas where the sharks traditionally congregate, she has worked on various projects.  Over the years, she has compiled a photo library of the individual sharks that migrate to the area.  Next to her photographs the lodge also relies on their clients to allow usage of their images in order to establish a more complete data base of the salmon shark in Port Fidalgo.  With these images, it can be determined which individuals are in the area and whether the same sharks make the migration to this part of Alaska year after year.  One of the larger canyon walls lies within sight of the lodge thus allowing a unique opportunity to study and learn from numerous interactions at close range.  

On an annual basis 6 trips with an average of 6 divers who come specifically for sharks are ran.  Each diver spends an average of 7 days trying to see sharks.  The conflict between eco-tourism, citizen science and fishing and the economic impact.

Salmon sharks have been at the heart of a conflict between consumptive fisheries and eco-tourism coupled with citizen science.  In the years between 2001 and 2011 a variety of recreational fishing charters offered shark specific fishing trips.  These fishing charters operated out of Valdez, Wittier, Seward, Homer and Cordova and were in direct conflict with the shark eco-tourism in the area.  Although they claim that most of the sharks were tagged and released, most pictures on their websites show landed and killed sharks.

During the year 2008, a singular image was published on the Fish Alaska Magazine's website that showcased a kayak fisherman with a dead salmon shark draped across his kayak.  This single image was the catalyst to the large-scale shark harvesting that followed.  Ravencroft lodge, along with numerous other lodges and charters were inundated with phone calls from potential fishing clients who wanted to catch a shark.  It was big business for fishing related companies.  Charters and lodges from Valdez, Cordova, Seward, Whittier, Homer, parts of SE Alaska and British Columbia were quickly changing from Salmon and Halibut fishing to strictly shark fishing.  Over the course of two years, charters could catch 6 sharks a day over a 3-month fishing season with most sharks caught in the years 2007, 2008 and 2009.  Fishing Charter boats from these ports switched from historical salmon and halibut recreational fishing, to only salmon shark fishing charters during these years.

Despite being in the eco-tourism market, Ravencroft lodge joined this recreational fishery “Bonanza”, allowing clients to catch and harvest sharks.  During that time catching a salmon shark was extremely easy but when clients refused to take the shark meat with them back home, Ravencroft lodge opted out of continuing to offer this fishing experience and had only harvested a handful of sharks.

As this intense fishery continued and reports came in of charters operators continually bringing in their limit of 6 sharks per day, every day, Ravencroft Lodge decided to raise the alarm given the large number of sharks taken in a short amount of time. They started to communicate with the state of Alaska fish and wildlife division to let them know that they were in a unique position to watch the harvest and its impact on the exact spot the sharks migrated to.  However, they had no response that indicated that it was seen as an alarming reduction in the population and any action was to be taken.

In addition to the recreational shark fishing, the commercial fishing industry was also adding to the dramatic drop in population. There has been no shark directed commercial fishery since 1997, except for dogfish in Alaska since 1997.  However, Salmon sharks are caught accidentally.  This impact was seen less often since they did not return to port with their catch. Amy Carrol, a writer and publication specialist with the division of commercial fisheries at the Alaska Department of Fish and Game summed up the attitude with the following quote, “Salmon Sharks are often brought up in commercial salmon fisheries as by-catch and are considered a nuisance and thus discarded”. (Alaska Fish and Wildlife News 2007).  It is hard to assess the exact impact of this by catch but the commercial interest is high in the area for the huge volume of salmon runs that migrate to the area.  Commercial fisherman will often refer to these sharks as a pest that destroys nets and gear if accidentally caught.  Commercial fishing does not allow them to kill these sharks, but never the less, dead sharks are found regularly floating in areas where commercial fishing has occurred.

The combined impact of the recreational fishery, the commercial by-catch and the speed with which the drop in the shark population happened created rapid and drastic changes.  In places where previously hundreds of sharks were seen, few returned.
By 2009, the height of the recreational shark fishery was over and charter operators and lodges changed back to salmon and halibut fishing.  Clients were becoming increasingly upset spending large amounts of dollar on trips to a remote part of Prince William Sound in search of sharks, only to find them gone.
For Ravencroft lodge the drop in the number of sharks had a big impact on their revenue stream and in the years 2009 and 2010 they did not see the sharks return.  In 2011 they saw only a handful of sharks.  But each year after that, a few more sharks would return, slowly increasing the number of sightings.  In 2016, more than 30 sharks were seen and it restarted a photographic catalog of known sharks returning to the area.  However, this a still a very low number compared to hundreds of sharks that use to inhabit this area.

Per IUCN, Salmon Sharks are labeled as LEAST CONCERNED, stating “The Salmon Shark occurs in the eastern and western North Pacific and its population appears to be stable and at relatively high levels of abundance.  Currently there is no directed fishery in the Northeast Pacific, apart from a small sport fishery for the species in Alaska.  Bycatch in the Northeast and Eastern Central Pacific appears to be at low levels and is not increasing at this point-in-time”
A research paper by L.B. Hulbert, stated that he found an abundant population of salmon sharks from 1998-2001 (Hulbert et al 2005).  Nearly all research conducted on salmon sharks was taken before 2000-2007, during the peak of a healthy shark population.  Scientists and biologists will use these studies as a baseline when talking about this shark species.  But current population rates are heavily skewed with old data and must be updated with not only with new scientific research and recreational fishing data, but also commercial fishing data regarding the number of sharks that they discard.

Conclusion:  Coupled with the recreation fishing interest that still exists and the high dollar value connected to it, and the commercial fishing seine boats that frequent the area, these sharks are still in recovery mode.  But it is a fragile recovery that could be jeopardized easily if one or two charter boats, over a few days, decided to take the old practice of fishing for these sharks.  With that another negative impact of shark eco-tourism could happen.  Ravencroft lodge, being the only commercial operator that promotes non-consumptive shark tourism for the Salmon sharks approached the city of Valdez to help make the case for the value of a live returning shark versus the one-time dollar value of harvested shark.  However, they quickly found out that they merely generated a renewed interest in catching and stringing up a shark for a photo opportunity.
It is likely that the scale and value of recreational fishing for these sharks could outperform the current eco-tourism value and with that the fate of this shark continue to hang in the balance.  On one hand the low number of sharks will most likely prevent any large scale recreational fishing.  However, should the population rebound to the numbers pre-2001, a risk exists that history may repeat itself.

It is encouraging that the global dive industry is increasingly interested in this shark species and thus underlines the case for non-consumptive shark eco-tourism.  However, to it desirable that additional and updated research should be allocated to determine the population's health and long term sustainable use."

 

Weasels in the bush

ermine weasel

Ermine weasels are in my opinion some of the coolest little creatures that hang out around the lodge.  They are often seen in a flash, running across a tree limb or scrambling through some under brush.  Most times, your first thought is that a squirrel was just in the area.  But over the years, a small family of these weasels have made the lodge buildings home.  Their main food source seems to be mice or Voles.  Equally as fast, these rodents live underground, keeping warm and dry.  But weasels can easily access their underground terrain with their slender bodies.  Making the voles easy to find a catch.  Lately, we've been seeing a parent weasel teaching his offspring the art of seek and hunt.  Some days, we can be sitting on a deck and see this mini safari unfold right in front us.  Guests are quiet surprised at how brazen these little guys are as well.  When this photo was taken, this weasel had just ran across the lodge deck to present his kill to my and group of guests watching the hummingbirds.  He stopped 4 or 5 feet from us, stood on his hind legs and said, "I am king around here, look at me!"  Then continued down the deck.  I had already been snapping photo's of the hummingbirds, so I leaned over the deck and snapped one of him as he carried his trophy home.